What is Goiter?

Goiter is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck.

The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate your metabolism, energy levels, and overall growth and development. When the thyroid gland swells, it can cause noticeable neck swelling and discomfort.
Introduction to Goiter image
How does Goiter Form image

How Does Goiter Form?

Goiter can form for several reasons, including:

  • Iodine Deficiency: Lack of iodine in the diet.
  • Autoimmune Disorders: Conditions like Hashimoto's or Graves' disease.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Changes during puberty, pregnancy, or menopause.
  • Thyroid Nodules: Lumps in the thyroid.
  • Thyroid Cancer: Rarely, cancer causes enlargement.
  • Other Causes: Infections, medications, and genetics.

Signs and Symptoms of Goiter

The signs and symptoms of goiter can vary depending on the size of the enlargement and the underlying cause. Common symptoms include:
Visible Swelling image
Visible Swelling
Tightness in the throat image of a woman
Tightness in the 
Coughing image
Hoarseness image
Difficulty Swallowing image
Difficulty Swallowing
Difficulty Breathing image
Difficulty Breathing
Hypothyroidism image
Hyperthyroidism image

When to Seek a Doctor for Goiter?

Consult a doctor if you have:

  • Visible swelling at the base of your neck
  • Tightness in your throat or trouble breathing/swallowing
  • Persistent cough or voice changes
  • Irregular heart rate
  • Symptoms of thyroid issues (weight changes, fatigue, etc.)
  • Pain in the thyroid area

Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage goiter and prevent complications. If you suspect you have goiter, see a healthcare provider.

Dr. Linda Khoshaba is the Leading Integrative Health and Hormone Doctor in Scottsdale, Arizona. She has extensive experience working in the field as a Hormone Specialist and Natural Endocrinologist.

7500 E. Pinnacle Peak Rd. Suite A 109
Scottsdale, AZ 85255

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