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Can Hyperparathyroidism Cause Anxiety?

Did you know that anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the United States, affecting over 18% of the U.S. adult population?

While anxiety disorder is generally considered a diagnosis, what if it is actually a symptom of an underlying condition?

There can be many causes of anxiety, and while medications may be necessary in some cases, they may be masking the root cause of your anxiety. Some causes of anxiety may include:

  • Trauma
  • Stress
  • Pregnancy
  • Genetics
  • Drug side effects
  • Chemical Imbalances
  • Nutrient Deficiencies
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hyperparathyroidism

There are many benefits to treating the potential underlying cause of your anxiety. Not only can you avoid being on medication for the rest of your life, but you may also be able to avoid symptoms and risks associated with some of these other conditions. 

What is parathyroid?

Your parathyroids are 4 pea-sized, oval-shaped glands that sit next to your thyroid gland. 

How Parathyroid Disease Can Affect Your Mental Health

What do your parathyroid glands do?

Your parathyroid glands produce parathyroid hormone (PTH) that tightly regulates the amount of calcium in your bloodstream.

Specific areas in your body, like your kidneys, small intestine, and bones respond to PTH released by the parathyroid glands by increasing the calcium levels in your blood. 

Why is calcium so important?

Calcium is one of the most abundant minerals that provides many vital functions in your body. Calcium is necessary for the strength of your bones and teeth, cardiovascular health, muscle contraction, blood clotting, and nerve function.

A majority of your calcium is stored in your bones but about 1% is found in your blood, muscle and other tissues. Your body tightly regulates the calcium in your body, specifically the amount of calcium floating around in your blood. 

What else regulates your calcium?

Your PTH and calcitonin regulate your calcium. PTH, also known as Parathyroid Hormone, is a hormone that your parathyroid glands produce and release to help control the amount of calcium circulating in your blood.

PTH stimulates the release of calcium into the blood and also helps control the levels of both Vitamin D and phosphorus. When PTH levels are elevated, it can cause your serum calcium levels to rise. 

Calcitonin, on the other hand, is a hormone that is made by and released by parafollicular cells located in your thyroid gland.

Calcitonin helps regulate the calcium levels in your blood, preventing the calcium in your blood from getting too high. It does so by blocking the activity of osteoclasts, which are cells that are responsible for breaking down your bones.

Preventing bone breakdown helps reduce the amount of calcium that gets released into the bloodstream. 

What is hyperparathyroidism?:

Hyperparathyroidism is when your parathyroid glands create too much parathyroid hormone (PTH)  in the bloodstream. There are two types of hyperparathyroidism- primary and secondary, indicating different etiologies. In primary hyperparathyroidism, your parathyroid gland gland 

What is hyperparathyroidism?

Two types of hyperparathyroidism exist. In primary hyperparathyroidism, an enlargement of one or more of the parathyroid glands causes overproduction of the hormone.

This causes high calcium levels in the blood, which can cause a variety of health problems. Surgery is the most common treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism.

Secondary hyperparathyroidism occurs due to another disease that first causes low calcium levels in the body. Over time, increased parathyroid hormone levels occur.

Your Thyroid might be contributing to your anxiety

Take the first step towards getting your thyroid back on track:

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Dr. Linda Khoshaba is the Leading Integrative Health and Hormone Doctor in Scottsdale, Arizona. She has extensive experience working in the field as a Hormone Specialist and Natural Endocrinologist.

7500 E. Pinnacle Peak Rd.
Suite A 109
Scottsdale, AZ 85255
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